The Doctrine of Angels

And I beheld, and I heard the voice of many angels round about the throne and the beasts and the elders: and the number of them was ten thousand times ten thousand, and thousands of thousands; saying with a loud voice, Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honour, and glory, and blessing (Rv. 5:11-12)

I believe that angels exist as personal (1 Pt. 1:12; Lk. 15:10; Jude 6), spiritual beings (Ps. 104:4) created by God (Col. 1:16-17), subordinate to Him (Jb. 1:12; Mt. 25:41; Mk. 1:27; Col. 1:15; Heb. 1:4-7) and distinct from human beings in nature and function (Ps. 8:5; Mt. 22:30; 1 Cor. 6:3; Heb. 1:14). They are innumerable (Heb. 12:22; Rev. 5:11), immortal (Lk. 20:36), possessing remarkable intelligence and power that is superior to human beings (Mt. 24:36; Ps. 103:20; 2 Pt. 2:11). They differ among themselves in appearance, function, and authority (Is. 6:2; Eze. 10:8-16; Dan. 10:13; Rev. 5:6). They have no material body (Eph. 6:12) and do not procreate (Mk. 12:25). Many angels have chosen to align with God and are confirmed eternally in holiness (Mk. 8:38; 1 Tim. 5:21). They worship and serve God in a variety of ways, including ministering to the saints and to children (Ps. 148:1-2; Mt. 4:11; 18:10; Heb. 1:6, 14). Many other angels, also called demons or unclean spirits, have chosen to align with Satan in rebellion against God (2 Pt. 2:4). These are confirmed in eternal unrighteousness (Jam. 2:19). Some are confined until the final judgment (2 Pt. 2:5; Jude 6), while others actively participate in the evil machinations of Satan in this present world (Mt. 12:24; Eph. 6:12; Rev. 12:7).

I believe that Satan is a real person (Job 1:6-7; Mt. 4:1-11), created as an angel more glorious than all others (Eze. 28:16-19). He willfully rebelled against God and was cast down from his heavenly position forever (Lk. 10:18). He presently roams throughout the world, instigating deception and destruction (Mt. 4:8-10; 2 Cor. 4:4; 2 Th. 2:4, 9; 1 Pt. 5:8). He lured our first parents, Adam and Eve, to sin (Gen. 3:1-6; 2 Cor. 11:3), but Christ defeated his evil works at the Cross (Gen. 3:15; Jn. 12:31; Col. 2:15; Heb. 2:14). He ultimately will be banished and tormented in the Lake of Fire for eternity (Mt. 25:41; Rev. 20:10).

I believe that demons may indwell and control the spirits of unregenerate people (Mt. 12:22; Mk. 1:23-26; Ac. 16:16-18); but the indwelling of the Holy Spirit prevents them from indwelling those who are born again (1 Jn. 4:4; 5:18). Satan and his demons may trouble believers through a variety of means, yet believers are assured of victory over these spiritual influences through prayerful dependence upon the Spirit of God and the Word of God (Mt. 4:4; 17:21; Eph. 6:11-13; Jam. 4:7). While believers should respect the powers of darkness, they should neither fear nor display an inordinate curiosity into their affairs (2 Cor. 2:11; 2 Tim. 1:7).

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